Respiratory Glossary: (P)

Respiratory

Respiratory Glossary

Select a Letter: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Positron emission tomography (PET) scan

Technological medical test used along other tests to identify if an abnormal spot in an image taken from your body is malignous.

Pleural effusion

Medical disorder characterized by the accumulation of fluids in the pleural cavity which causes difficulties in breathing. Although numerous situations can trigger this condition, a chest tube insertion is usually carried out to treat it.

Pleurodesis

Surgical practice performed to treat fluids on the pleural cavity. It is done by attaching both pleuras found in the pulmonary system.

Pneumonia

Disorder that produces inflammation on the tissue of the lungs.

Pneumothorax

Condition characterized by symptoms such as discomfort in the thorax area and shortness of breath. It arises as a result of gas breaking out from the lungs and building up in the pleural space. To treat it a chest tube insertion is usually carried out.

Pulmonary embolism

Often leads to difficulties such as thorax discomfort and shortness of breath. It is the appearance of a clump of blood in the lungs, usually appearing first in one of the lower limbs.

Pulmonary rehabilitation

Therapeutic process employed to help people with breathing difficulties to enjoy a healthier quality of life and improve their resistance.

Polycythemia

Excess of RBCs in the bloodstream.

Palpitation

Perceived overly fast pulsations of the heart.

Perfusion

Movement of fluids.

Pleura

Slim layer of tissue surrounding the lungs.

Pneumonectomy

Surgical process that involves lung extraction.

Pulmonary artery

Artery in charge of pumping blood from the lower right chamber of the heart to the lungs.

Pulmonary hypertension

Appears when the pressure in the arteries exceeds beyond what is normal.

Pulmonary abscess

The development of exudate over infected tissue in the lung area.

Pulmonary edema

Is triggered by a lack of blood in the heart and results in inflammation of the bronchiole and alveolus.

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